Frozen shoulder (Adhesive capsulitis), shoulder pain syndrome - Description and treatment

Do you feel intense pain in your shoulder while moving and while resting? Does pain prevent you from sleeping? If mobility is restricted in all ways, but especially rotating the arm above shoulder level, you may suffer from frozen shoulder syndrome.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Frozen shoulder - description, treatment
Picture : Frozen shoulder (Adhesive capsulitis), shoulder pain syndrome

Characteristics of Frozen Shoulder and its causes

Damage to the shoulder joint capsule goes by many names – frozen shoulder, petriarthritis humeroscapularis and adhesive capsulitis.

Shoulder pain syndrome is a disorder of the shoulder joint. Tendons and their attachments get damaged by reoccurring microtraumas (hard to notice injuries). Calcium deposits start forming in the affected area. Calcification of tendons and bursas (small sacks found around joints) are visible in x-ray images. Shoulder pain syndrome is accompanied by severe pain. It makes full mobility of the shoulder impossible.

Frozen shoulder is a form of shoulder pain syndrome. In cases of frozen shoulder syndrome, after the painful acute phase, the shoulder gradually stiffens or freezes.  This is a reaction of the fibrous capsule to the damage.

There is a wide range of causes of the frozen shoulder:

  • Injury to the shoulder, excess strain or chilling of the shoulder,
  • degenerative or inflammatory causes,
  • infectious and neurological causes.

There can be secondary metastases in the bone during lung, breast, thyroid, kidney or prostate cancer that lead to pain manifesting in the shoulder area.

Frozen shoulder syndrome treatment – rid yourself of the pain

Frozen shoulder treatment is based on  solving the cause.

The main aim of the treatment is to prevent pain occurring during shoulder pain syndrome. Pharmacological tools are used in the form of analgesics, non-steroid anti-rheumatics and local corticoids.

Physiotherapy and exercise are integral part of the treatment. We recommend some exercises from your physiotherapist. These will help you maintain or increase mobility in the shoulder.

  • Analgesics – pain supressing drugs.
  • Local corticoids – corticoids (steroid hormones used for its anti-inflammatory effect) administered locally.
  • Microtrauma – small and most often unnoticed injury.
  • Non-steroid anti-rheumatics – non-steroid drug having analgesic, anti- inflammatory and antipyretic effects.
  • Spondylosis – degenerative disease of vertebrae.
  • Bursa – a small sack found near joints and tendons that decreases friction in places of great pressure and movement.

Manual physiotherapy and lithotripsy (shock therapy) work very well in combination.

If followed by low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy, it can significantly affect the whole of the treatment of this prolonged condition. This treatment contributes to mitigating pain and inflammation, and accelerates healing in general and return of mobility. Analgesic and healing effects with the support of anti-inflammatory effect help supress pain and inflammation. Vasodilating and metabolic-detoxifying effects can help in this complex treatment as well to promote absorption of bits of calcified deposits that were disrupted by lithotripsy. 

Surgical intervention is necessary in serious and rare cases – mostly in the form of arthroscopic removal of calcified deposits and adhesions.

Magnetic therapy is good to apply even after surgical intervention in order to accelerate healing.

Patented 3D Biomag pulsed therapy. How does it work?

The basic principle of 3D Biomag magnetic therapy is generating electromagnetic pulses. The generated pulses can penetrate through layers of clothing and even body tissues to the place of application. These pulses have specially developed biotropic parameters (e.g. frequency, profile, intensity), thanks to which the pulsed magnetotherapy affects various health conditions.

The term pulse magnetic therapy is most commonly used for physiotherapy using the principle of electromagnetic pulses. The abbreviation PEMF is used in order to be concise.

Patented 3D Biomag technology ensures more precise and uninterrupted pulse profiles, enhances output, and allows pulses to come from various angles.

Pulsed magnetic therapy is not meant to treat frozen shoulder itself. Such treatment can only be recommended by a physician. Magnetic therapy application is used on symptoms of frozen shoulder such as pain, swelling and inflammation.

Important information

Carefully read the user guide provided by the producer and consult a physician about your health before using any medical device.

Biomag® Lumina 3D-e is an active therapeutic device – a medical device for individual use or in combination with other medical treatment and devices as a supplemental therapy within a comprehensive treatment plan.

The goal of Biomag® low frequency pulsed magnetic field therapy is to utilise its biological effects on tissue in a way that helps mitigate some symptoms. These symptoms are primarily pain, swelling, spasms, and changes in microcirculation. It also promotes healing and mitigates those symptoms that can be influenced by these effects.

Physiological changes in tissue after application of Biomag® magnetic therapy occur due to pain mitigation and vasodilation of capillaries and precapillaries, which leads to the following treatment effects:

  • pain-relieving – analgesic, reduces pain
  • healing – promoting regeneration, anti-inflammatory
    and anti-rheumatic effects
  • anti-swelling – reduces swelling (oedema)
    myorelaxing – relaxes muscles
  • vasodilating – improves microcirculation in particular
  • metabolic-detoxifying – accelerates the elimination
    of toxins and metabolites

Intended for use on intact skin through a protective layer, e.g., disposable or other sanitary pads.

When using the Biomag® Lumina 3D-e device it is necessary to follow the Principles of safety operation together with Contraindications/Indications and use it in compliance with the specified environmental requirements. Basic safety information is shown on the device display as well.

Devices and applicators of Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy are not to be used with any of the following contraindications. Not respecting these contraindications can lead to damaged health of the patient and the device operator!

If unsure whether you understand the following list of contraindications and guidelines of safe operation of the device, use these contacts. You may prevent possible issues.

  • Pregnancy
  • Pacemaker
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • Tumours
  • Severe sepsis
  • Fevers
  • Active Tuberculosis
  • Mycosis in the application area
  • Seizure disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
  • Psychoses
  • Pain of unknown origin
  • Undetermined diagnosis
  • Contradiction to treatment recommended by a physician

If you own the AL16-LUM polarised light applicator, further contraindications are:

  • Shining directly in one’s eyes (applicable in case of applying polarised light)
  • With metabolic disorders, where skin becomes photosensitive and while using photostimulating substances (applicable in case of applying polarised light)

Side effects:
While applying treatment, special caution should be paid to patients with hypertension and        hypotension (or with predisposition to it).
Individual effects and using magnetic therapy need to be judged upon particular conditions and reactions of individual patients.

In case of unexpected reaction, immediately cease application! Proceeding with application is recommended only after seeing your attending physician based on the recommended course of action.

This list of contraindications is only general. Always heed list of contraindications in the updated version of the original guide. This guide was provided to you by the        producer along with your device.