Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy - Description and treatment

Are you affected by back pain? Does the pain shoot up to the limbs? Then you may suffer from herniated disc, and due to its pressure and other degenerative changes to the spine on the nerve root, it can develop into the so-called radiculoneuropathy.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Herniated disc description of diagnosis and treatment
Picture : Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy

Characteristics of herniated discs, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy, and their causes

A herniated disc occurs when part of a disc slips into the inner spinal canal through a rupture in its perimeter. This slipped part either irritates or compresses nerves.

Should the herniated disc compress a nerve root, it can cause severe back pain. This pain can be accompanied by a tingling sensation and will worsen while coughing, moving or sitting for long periods.

Radiculoneuropathy develops as a result of pressure created by a herniated disc or osteophytes or through the effect of other degenerative changes to the spine affecting nerve roots.

The area to where pain spreads is dependent on exactly where the pressure is. Radiculoneuropathy also gives rise to a range of vertebrogenic pain syndromes, all of which are dominated by spinal pain, such as:

  • acute cervical spine pain,
  • chronic cervical spine pain,
  • cervicocranial syndrome – accompanied by pain shooting down the head,
  • cervicovestibular syndrome – a state in which a blocked cervical spine causes vertigo,
  • cervicobrachial syndrome – upper limb pain, where the root cause lies in the lower part of the cervical spine,
  • radicular syndrome with symptoms manifesting in the upper limb,
  • thoracic spine pain,
  •  lumbago,
  • chronic pain in the lumbar area and lower back,
  • radicular syndrome with symptoms manifesting in the lower limb.

The most significant cause of herniated disc is gradual wear and tear, weakening, and the strain of everyday life.

Other factors can contribute as well:

  • little physical activity,
  • improper physical strain on the spine while working,
  • excessive and unsuitable sports.

Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy treatment – rid yourself of the pain

Specific methods of treatment are chosen by the physician based on individual symptoms and cause.

In the acute stage, bedrest is recommended, and pain is mitigated through administering analgesics. Muscle relaxants are also administered in order to relax muscles in the affected area of the spine.

Local injection and corticoids can be administered. The affected area of the spine is temporarily fixed by a neck brace or lumbar support.

  • Muscle disbalance – uneven use of muscle groups.
  • Cervicocranial syndrome – disorder of the cervical spine where pain shoots up to the head.
  • Cervicobrachial syndrome – pain in the upper limb, which has its cause in the lower part of cervical spine.
  • Cervicovestibular syndrome – a condition where blocked cervical spine causes vertigo.

To achieve a more significant pain-soothing and muscle-relaxing effect, physical therapy (electric therapy, magnetic therapy, ultrasound, diathermy, etc.) is used in order to renew blood circulation, reduce pain and eliminate swelling, which reduces the pressure on the radicular nerve.

After treating the acute stage, physiotherapy is immediately initiated in order to help with muscle imbalance (uneven use of muscle groups). Persistent serious cases call for surgical intervention.

Within the comprehensive rehabilitation treatment, low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy has its place, as it targets the symptoms of herniated disc that bother patients the most. It utilises the analgesic, muscle-relaxing and healing effects with the support of the regenerative and anti-inflammatory effects. Magnetic therapy relaxes spasms, mitigates pain, eliminates swelling, reduces inflammatory processes, promotes metabolic conditions in tissues, stimulates healing and brings general relief.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

The possibility to start treatment early in a new issue and the opportunity to perform long-term daily maintenance applications is also a big benefit.

Patented 3D Biomag pulsed therapy. How does it work?

The basic principle of 3D Biomag magnetic therapy is generating electromagnetic pulses. The generated pulses can penetrate through layers of clothing and even body tissues to the place of application. These pulses have specially developed biotropic parameters (e.g. frequency, profile, intensity), thanks to which the pulsed magnetotherapy affects various health conditions.

The term pulse magnetic therapy is most commonly used for physiotherapy using the principle of electromagnetic pulses. The abbreviation PEMF is used in order to be concise.

Patented 3D Biomag technology ensures more precise and uninterrupted pulse profiles, enhances output, and allows pulses to come from various angles.

Pulsed magnetic therapy is not meant to treat herniated disc itself. Such treatment can only be recommended by a physician. Magnetic therapy application is used on symptoms of herniated disc such as pain, swelling and inflammation.

Important information

Carefully read the user guide provided by the producer and consult a physician about your health before using any medical device.

Biomag® Lumina 3D-e is an active therapeutic device – a medical device for individual use or in combination with other medical treatment and devices as a supplemental therapy within a comprehensive treatment plan.

The goal of Biomag® low frequency pulsed magnetic field therapy is to utilise its biological effects on tissue in a way that helps mitigate some symptoms. These symptoms are primarily pain, swelling, spasms, and changes in microcirculation. It also promotes healing and mitigates those symptoms that can be influenced by these effects.

Physiological changes in tissue after application of Biomag® magnetic therapy occur due to pain mitigation and vasodilation of capillaries and precapillaries, which leads to the following treatment effects:

  • pain-relieving – analgesic, reduces pain
  • healing – promoting regeneration, anti-inflammatory
    and anti-rheumatic effects
  • anti-swelling – reduces swelling (oedema)
    myorelaxing – relaxes muscles
  • vasodilating – improves microcirculation in particular
  • metabolic-detoxifying – accelerates the elimination
    of toxins and metabolites

Intended for use on intact skin through a protective layer, e.g., disposable or other sanitary pads.

When using the Biomag® Lumina 3D-e device it is necessary to follow the Principles of safety operation together with Contraindications/Indications and use it in compliance with the specified environmental requirements. Basic safety information is shown on the device display as well.

Devices and applicators of Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy are not to be used with any of the following contraindications. Not respecting these contraindications can lead to damaged health of the patient and the device operator!

If unsure whether you understand the following list of contraindications and guidelines of safe operation of the device, use these contacts. You may prevent possible issues.

  • Pregnancy
  • Pacemaker
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • Tumours
  • Severe sepsis
  • Fevers
  • Active Tuberculosis
  • Mycosis in the application area
  • Seizure disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
  • Psychoses
  • Pain of unknown origin
  • Undetermined diagnosis
  • Contradiction to treatment recommended by a physician

If you own the AL16-LUM polarised light applicator, further contraindications are:

  • Shining directly in one’s eyes (applicable in case of applying polarised light)
  • With metabolic disorders, where skin becomes photosensitive and while using photostimulating substances (applicable in case of applying polarised light)

Side effects:
While applying treatment, special caution should be paid to patients with hypertension and        hypotension (or with predisposition to it).
Individual effects and using magnetic therapy need to be judged upon particular conditions and reactions of individual patients.

In case of unexpected reaction, immediately cease application! Proceeding with application is recommended only after seeing your attending physician based on the recommended course of action.

This list of contraindications is only general. Always heed list of contraindications in the updated version of the original guide. This guide was provided to you by the        producer along with your device.